It’s a blow to the Japanese manufacturer, considering its sales were up last year by 0.2% across the Toyota, Lexus, Daihatsu and Hino Motors brands. You would expect customer confidence to cause a dip in VW’s sales. This seems to be the case in the US where VW is facing legal disputes from angry consumers, as sales declined by 2.8%. It’s a different story in China, however, which saw huge growth - deliveries are up by a whopping 12%. Europe also saw a growth of 4%. "2016 was a very challenging year for us," a VW spokesperson said. That’s an understatement if there ever was one.