Turkish national Mehmet Ali Agca, a member of the Turkish ultranationalist group the Grey Wolves, would shoot John Paul II four times in a failed assassination attempt. Following the assassination attempt, the first bulletproof popemobile was delivered in 1982. A modified Land Rover
, this vehicle was the first to feature the throne encased in bulletproof glass in the back which the majority of popemobiles have since used as the model for their design. There have been a locally-made popemobiles since, including the fairly unimpressive GMC
Sierra used for a trip to Canada in 1984, and the entire bus converted for papal use in Mexico in 1999.